More than 16 million babies born into conflict in 2015: UNICEF
ISLAMABAD – Millions of babies around the world are born into life-threatening situations every year.
UNICEF executive director Anthony Lake said too many children were starting their lives in extreme circumstances – from conflict zones to natural disasters, poverty, disease or malnutrition.
“Every two seconds, a newborn takes its first breath in the midst of conflict, often in terrifying circumstances and without access to medical care,” Lake said.
More than 16 million babies were born in conflict zones in 2015 – 1 in 8 of all births worldwide this year – UNICEF said today, a figure that underscores the vulnerability faced by increasing numbers of children.
“Too many children are now starting their lives in extreme circumstances – from conflict to natural disasters, poverty, disease or malnutrition. Can there be a worse start in life?”
Newborn children and their mothers face enormous risks in conflict-affected areas like Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Iraq, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen, or on their journeys to escape fighting, he said.
Pregnant mothers are in danger of giving birth without medical help and in unsanitary conditions. Their children are more likely to die before they reach their fifth birthdays and to experience extreme – or “toxic” – stress, which can inhibit their long-term emotional and cognitive development.
In addition to conflict, poverty, the effects of climate change and lack of opportunity are making children increasingly vulnerable and have pushed millions on dangerous journeys away from their homes.
The UNICEF report findings include these key points:
- More than 200,000 children applied for asylum in European Union countries in the first nine months of 2015, adding to the 30 million children across the globe forced from their homes by 2014 due to war, violence and persecution. More people are displaced now than at any moment since World War II.
- More than a quarter of a billion children – or 1 in 9 – live in countries and areas in conflict and face enormous obstacles to their health, education and well-being.
- More than half a billion children live in areas where floods are extremely common and nearly 160 million live in high or extremely high drought severity zones.
- Children represent almost half of all people living in extreme poverty although they make up roughly a third of the world’s population.
“The final months of 2015 have seen the world come together around tackling climate change and a new global development agenda. These ambitious agreements present a huge opportunity if we can translate our promises into action for the most vulnerable children,” said Lake. “If we address the reasons so many families feel the need to uproot themselves and their children from their homes – by resolving conflict, by addressing climate change, by expanding opportunity, we can make 2016 a year of hope for millions – not a year of despair.”